The Latest Advanced Techniques in Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery that have brought New Hopes

Cardiology is a specialized medical branch that deals with disorders of heart. It includes diagnosis and treatment related to heart problems, coronary artery disease, valvular disease, heart failure and anything and everything associated with heart.

A cardiologist is a specialized doctor who diagnoses and treats problems related to your heart and all things associated with your heart, arteries, veins and circulatory system. He is the person who understands and figures out the symptoms which cause heart disease and treats problems ranging from chest pain to heart failure and performs surgery, if required to keep your heart healthy. A cardiologist may carry out various tests to understand the various problems related to heart disease.

Various problems treated by Cardiologists:

1.Chest pain

2.Problems with your blood vessels

3.High blood pressure

4.Heart failure

5.Cardiovascular diseases

6.Problems with heart valves

7.High cholesterol levels

Tests that are generally carried out by Cardiologists to treat patients:

1.Coronary Angiogram


3.Stress Echocardiography

4.Exercise Stress Test



7.Computed Tomography

8.Nuclear Stress Tests

In most cases, a cardiologist may check for any family history of cardiovascular diseases. He may enquire you about your regular lifestyles, smoking or drinking habits, whether you practice regular exercise or yoga, if you do have some prior operations etc. accordingly, he may take conduct a physical test to assess your actual condition and then may proceed with the necessary treatment and surgery.

When to visit a Cardiologist?

The common answer is if you experience a heart pain, chest pain or any type of heart disorders. However, it is advisable not to visit a cardiologist directly, rather only when your family doctor or general physician or advises you to visit one.

If you experience a sudden heart or chest pain: Sudden experience of a chest or heart pain is not a good sign, it can be a cardiovascular disorder. So, if you experience a persistent pain in the chest or heart, do visit a cardiologist immediately and take proper medications.

If you are a smoker: Smoking causes damage to your heart and it’s advisable to quit smoking for the benefit of your heart’s health. But, unfortunately we have a habit of smoking. A cardiologist can assess your damage and help you quit smoking and advises proper medication to treat your heart.

If you are a diabetic: In today’s world, diabetes is a major problem and causes immense heart disorders. Diabetes and heart diseases are often cross-linked. So, it is important for you to have a regular check up to prevent any sort of heart problems.

If you have afamily history of heart diseases: Family history of heart diseases can lead you to cardiovascular diseases even if you practice a healthy life. So, if you have a cardiovascular problem in your heredity, do consult a cardiologist to assess the risk factors and accordingly take proper steps to get it cured.

Recently, there are new advances in cardiac surgery techniques. Advanced surgical procedures like minimally invasive cardiac surgeries, ventricular remodelling surgical therapeutics for coronary artery diseases, congenital heart diseases, valvular diseases etc. have been introduced for better treatment and surgery of heart disorders.

Congenital cardiac surgery– In the recent past, many congenital cardiac surgeries have been introduced for TGA, TAPVC, DORV etc. There is not only an improvement in surgical techniques but also in pre-operative and post-operative management of cardiac surgeries.

Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery– With recent advancement in the surgical techniques, there is a focus on the need to make surgery less painful, less invasive, decrease the time of hospital staying, and quicker return to normal life. There is less cut or incision on the chest, on ribs where a small cut is done between the ribs in order to pass instrument required for cardiac surgery. These advanced techniques require new and innovative surgical skills and exposure and as such the cardiac anaesthetic skills have also been modified to facilitate these surgeries.

Awake Cardiac Surgery – One of the most recent advancements in cardiac surgery is the introduction of epidural anaesthesia. In this case, the patients remain awake during the surgery. This is most successful for high risk cases.

Ventricular Remodelling Surgery – It is generally seen that Myocardial Infarction results in pump failure that leads to heart failure. As such infracted heart causes a big challenge to cardiologists. Coronary Artery Bypass is not enough for complete recovery and here comes the role of Ventricular Remodelling Surgery, which has been introduced very recently to tackle this problem. In this surgery, the akinetic segments of the heart are segregate whereby the size and shape of the left ventricle is altered and then the left ventricle is reshaped from the dilated cavity to its original size.

All these newly introduced techniques in cardiac surgery have brought newer hopes to patients. These surgeries reduce the pain involved and are much beneficial. The department of cardiology at Neotia Getwel Multispecialty Hospital is well-known for its superior patient care and advanced treatment. The team of experienced and dedicated cardiologists & surgeons, cardio thoracic & vascular surgeons and support team backed by state-of-the-art technology including cardiac catheterization laboratory, coronary care units meets the requirement of the ever increasing need for cardiac care in the region. We provide proper and right treatment of the heart disorders, chest pain and related heart problems with immediate effect so that our patients recover from these problems and  get back to their normal life.


Though all attempts are made to provide correct information on the subject, inadvertent & typographical errors arising out of manual intervention cannot be ruled out. It is requested to bring any such discrepancies to the notice of the blogger for correction.