Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery: The Technical Platform For Translational Medicine

The application of minimally invasive surgery has brought a new way in the procedure of general surgery. Today, it has been widely accepted as an innovative and successful surgery in the medical field. The main aim of this type of invasive surgery is to decrease the chance of dissolution in tissue which indirectly affects the infected person.

In medical terms, minimally invasive neurosurgery is a surgical procedure where tiny incisions are used to operate various types of neurological disorders. Since there are tiny incisions as compared to traditional surgery where larger incisions are used, minimally invasive surgery has more benefits such as less scarring, less bleeding, quicker recovery, less stay in hospital and less risk of infection.


Conditions that can be treated with minimally invasive neurosurgery:

1.Brain tumours and cysts

2.Brain aneurysm

3.Decompression of spinal nerves or spinal cord

4.Spinal cord tumours


6.Trigeminal neuralgia


Orthopaedic conditions that can be treated:

1.Spinal stenosis

2.Spinal arthritis

3.Herniated or ruptured spinal discs

4.Degenerative disc disease

5.Bone spurs


Common types of minimally invasive neurosurgery:

1.Minimally invasive lumbar, thoracic, or cervical surgery- With smaller incisions as compared to larger incisions used in the traditional surgery procedure, this procedure generally treats and fixes orthopaedic and other types of spinal disorders.

2.Microcraniotomy- In this type of surgery surgeons get entry to brain cavity by making tiny incisions in the skull and scalp. In the conventional method, surgeons remove a larger part of the skull to perform the surgery.

3.Endoscopic neurosurgery- The surgeon inserts a flexible scope through a small skin incision or the nasal cavity.


Translational medicine

Translational medicine is a process used in transforming from the scientific discovery of the medicine and then reaching to the patient’s’ table with minimal disconnect and brings to you a comprehensive review of design and methodology. Medical scientists across the globe, recently have encouraged incessantly about the method of minimally invasive surgery as an innovative medical procedure that highlights the changeover of medical scientific achievements from scientific research clinic to clinical application. With respect to neurosurgery, it has been accepted worldwide that the procedure is improving day by day with research and clinical practice. The procedure for minimally invasive neurosurgery is targeted to serving as the common platform for translational medicine. Hence, it has been clear that translational medicine is making the way smoother for the transformation from research & development achievements to medical applications and thereby overcoming the obstruction. As such, translational medicine promotes the development of medicine and thereby enhancing the welfare of the patients in a more direct and faster way. This reduces the time from reaching to the patient’s table right from the research laboratory and implementing the effective method for medical practice.


Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery and Translational Medicine

In today’s world, it is believed that immune reactions are responsible for the developments of central nervous system disorders as compared to the previous belief that central nervous system is lack of routine immune reactions which was termed as immune-privileged. Neuroimaging studies reveal that Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy or MRS as commonly called in medical science is quite effective in identifying biochemical changes in tumour bed and thus is able to distinguish between benign and malignant tumours. The basic study achievements have the ability to boost up the development of pre-operative qualitative detection of cerebral tumours. This means that no surgery would be required and the patients would be provided with tumour-oriented immunotherapy. Exemption from operation means freedom from unnecessary complications.

Thus in one word, minimally invasive neurosurgery serves as the technical base (platform) for translational medicine. The surgery helps in facilitating the transformation from result achievements to medical practice thereby encouraging the development and progress of related subjects such as radiology, pseudoscience and neurology.

Minimally invasive neurosurgery results in lesser pain, lesser scars and faster recovery time as compared to conventional neurosurgery. However, it must be noted that it differs from person to person. Today, minimally invasive neurosurgery is an important and effective procedure in the modern day neurosurgery treatment and most of the recent neurosurgical applications bring positive effects on the practice of surgery.



Though all attempts are made to provide correct information on the subject, inadvertent & typographical errors arising out of manual intervention cannot be ruled out. It is requested to bring any such discrepancies to the notice of the blogger for correction.