How does Interventional Cardiology help treat heart conditions?

Our lifestyle is changing very fast. This fast lifestyle is reducing exercise timing and food habits significantly. People are more indulged in unhealthy eating habits such as deep-fried food, canned foods etc. and these foods are also impacting the body. As a result of it, the number of, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is increasing fast. One of the most popular ways of treating cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is interventional cardiology. In this blog, we will inform you about the interventional cardiology. Remember, precaution is better than cure so, do not forget to have a regular heart checkup at Neotia Getwel Multispecialty Hospital. They have expertise in ECG, ECHO Cardiography, Holter Monitoring, Treat Mill Test (TMT), Coronary Angiography, Peripheral Angioplasty, Coronary angioplasty (Primary and complex), peripheral angioplasty, permanent pacemaker implantation, Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD implantation) & Device Closure (ASD, VSD, PDA). get your consultation now.


1. What is interventional cardiology?

Interventional cardiology is the branch of cardiology which works with catheter-based techniques to diagnose & treat the various types of coronary artery disease, vascular disease, structural heart disease, and congenital heart defects. In interventional cardiology, various tools are used to measure blood pressure and blood flow in major arteries throughout the body and within the different chambers of the heart. In this topic, it is important to mention that in interventional cardiology, the traditional method of “open heart surgery” is not used.

1.1 Interventional cardiology includes procedures such as:

● Cardiac catheterization.
● Angiogram (peripheral or coronary).
● Angioplasty.
● Coronary atherectomy (plaque removal).
● Fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement.
● Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).
● Optical coherence tomography (OCT).
● Stent placement.
● Heart valve replacement and repair.
● Left atrial appendage closure.
● Atrial septal defect closure.
● Alcohol septal ablation.
● Patent foramen ovale closure.
● Renal denervation (damaging renal artery nerves to lower blood pressure).
● Thrombolysis.

2. How does interventional cardiology help in treating heart conditions?

Interventional cardiology is a non-surgical option which uses a small, flexible tube called a catheter to repair damaged or weakened vessels, narrowed arteries, or other affected parts of the heart structure.
It helps in diagnosing any kind of coronary artery issues with an operation so that accurate treatment can be done.

3. How to avoid heart issues?

As we always say, precaution is better than cure. So it is important for all of us to take enough care of our hearts. To take care of your heart we have some tips. The tips are-

a. Food & drinking habits: Healthy meals, snacks & drinks can save you from any kind of heart issues. Do not take saturated fat, trans fat, deep-fried food, spicy foods etc. These foods contribute to heart issues. At the same time, control alcohol consumption and quit smoking to prevent heart disease.
To stay healthy, everyone should consume ample amounts of green leafy vegetables, seasonal fruits etc.

b. Regular exercise: Regular exercise and maintaining the right body weight saves you from lots of diseases. Even if you have an extremely tight schedule, walk on a treadmill for at least 30 min to maintain the balance.

c. Regular medical check-ups: There are a lot of diseases which increase the chances of heart issues such as diabetes, cholesterol, blood pressure etc. Do a regular check-up and follow the instructions of your doctor blindly to stay safe.

d. Show concern: Show concern even on a minor issue such as a minor chest pain. You never know which minor issue is a symptom of a big disease. So, consult with your doctor if you are feeling any discomfort.

4. What diseases or conditions does interventional cardiology treat?

Interventional cardiology helps in treating many heart issues such as:

● Heart valve disease.
● Atherosclerosis.
● Heart attack.
● Carotid artery disease.
● Coronary artery disease.
● Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
● Coronary artery fistula (unusual connection to another blood vessel or part of your heart).
● Peripheral artery disease.
● Chronic venous (vein) disease.
● Aortic valve stenosis.
● Thromboembolic disease (blood clots).
● Aneurysm.
● Atrial septal defect.
● Ventricular septal defect.

5. What is the most common procedure of interventional cardiology in cardiology practices?

The most & frequent procedures performed by an interventional cardiologist involve coronary artery (heart) angioplasty and stent implantation. Usually, the doctors use a catheter during this minimally invasive surgery to locate a blockage in one of the arteries leading to your heart. Then, doctors use a tiny balloon to push cholesterol buildup against the wall of your artery to create a passageway for your blood. If necessary, they can use a stent (wire mesh device) to maintain that channel open. One procedure that can save your life after a heart attack is restoring blood flow to your heart.

6. How Neotia Getwel Multispecialty Hospital can help you?

Neotia Getwel Multispecialty Hospital has a well-constructed heart department and they have a range of experts in various tests such as ECG, ECHO Cardiography, Holter Monitoring, Treat Mill Test (TMT), Coronary Angiography, Peripheral Angioplasty, Coronary angioplasty (Primary and complex), peripheral angioplasty, permanent pacemaker implantation, Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD implantation) & Device Closure (ASD, VSD, PDA). At the same time, in Neotia Getwel Multispecialty Hospital you will be able to get 24*7 emergency assistance from expert, experienced doctors. So, as we mentioned previously, even if you are feeling a minor discomfort book a consultation in Neotia Getwel Multispecialty Hospital to avoid any kind of future issues.


Most common FAQs

1. Do I need to have a referral to have a consultation with an interventional cardiologist?

Yes, obviously you do. When a heart specialist recognises any issue which needs the help of interventional cardiology, they will refer you automatically.

2. Where can I find an interventional cardiologist?

You can consult with the best interventional cardiologist in Neotia Getwel Multispecialty Hospital.

3. Does smoking do any harm to our hearts?

In a recent study, it has been shown that one out of every 5 smoking-related deaths is caused by heart disease. It is not only about deaths but also smokers are 2 to 4 times more likely to get heart disease than nonsmokers.

4. Does the frozen foods do any harm to our hearts?

Frozen foods are high in sodium, trans fats and saturated fats. Trans fats and saturated fats help increase the levels of unhealthy cholesterol in the blood while sodium increases blood pressure significantly and all of these factors factors lead to heart issues. Well, not only heart issues, these factors lead you to heart attacks.

Final words: Interventional cardiology ensures a minimally invasive princess for the patients which ensures a lower amount of pain, a lower amount of blood loss and faster recovery. So, do not be afraid to have a heart check anymore. Remember, early detection of a disease means early recovery. Get your consultation now.



Though all attempts are made to provide correct information on the subject, inadvertent & typographical errors arising out of manual intervention cannot be ruled out. It is requested to bring any such discrepancies to the notice of the blogger for correction