Recurrent respiratory symptoms like cough, shortness of breath, wheezing (noisy breathing), and chest tightness. These symptoms respond very well to bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory therapy.
Long and short acting bronchodilators, inhaled steroids, Montelukast occasionally,theophylline these are used depending on the severity.
Atopy in the child or the parents constitutes the most important risk factor. Various genes have been linked to development of asthma and also to its severity. Lack of breast feeding, exposure to dust, mites, other allergens, change in weather, emotional stress, and respiratory infections may trigger asthma.
Asthma is a condition characterized by bronchial hyper responsiveness and reversible airflow obstruction.It is reversible obstructive airway disease. It is a very common problem in children .The prevalence varies from 2 to 20 % in different parts of India.