Chronic Kidney Disease: Treatment and Management

Have you ever vacillated between orthopaedic issues and kidney failure when you spotted swollen feet? Chronic Kidney Disease might have weighed heavily on you if your kidneys fail to filter wastes from the blood.

You would be highly surprised to know that kidney diseases are ranked 8th among the rest of the causes of high mortality in India. Kidney disorders might knock on your door in the form of swollen feet or even quite commonplace more or less urination.

Kidneys in our human body are the most complex organs and act like traffic cops. The vital functions of kidneys include clearing the remnants of medicines, orchestrating the production of red blood cells and proactively producing active forms of Vitamin D to strengthen the bones. You would be surprised that in India, over 7.8 million are eking out their living with chronic kidney troubles.

This blog is intended to articulate the expert opinions of our team of efficient Nephrologists to enlighten the readers about the alarming signs and possible treatment that might alleviate their life-long pangs. Chronic Kidney Disease cannot add directly to high morbidity, but there are chances of development of it into acute cardiovascular conditions.

The preconceived notions regarding Chronic Kidney Disease that there is no cure for it are fuelling the immense sufferings of the patients and cutting down the healthy life expectancy. Our dedicated Nephrologists have reckoned the symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease to inform the readers when to seek prompt medical intervention.

Chronic Kidney Disease Symptoms

Many people tend to have no symptoms likely to be affected by Kidney disorders and in the early stage, also show up no such prominent signs. You might need medical supervision if the following symptoms threaten you:

1.Sudden weight loss at a massive rate

2.Shortness of breath

3.Blood in urine

4.Acute Insomnia

5.Increasing urge to pee frequently

6.Weight Loss

7.Food Aversion

8.Severe muscle cramps

9.The sudden escalation in the potassium level


11.Swollen Feet

Population under highest stake

Although kidney disorders whether chronic or temporary are likely to intensify risks for all, however, there is a certain population that might suffer the most due to co-morbid conditions:

1.High Blood Pressure

2.Cardiac issues

3.65 years or above age

4.Escalated level of Diabetes

5.Family history of Chronic Kidney Disorders

Diagnosis methods of Chronic Kidney Ailment

As per our experts, symptoms are likely to differ based on age, gender and other factors and it becomes quite difficult to spot the alarming signs. Owing to it, diagnosis in the initial stage appears to be extremely vital to ascertain whether you have developed it or not. You can also visit our website to know the details about available diagnosis methods. Following diagnosis methods are usually suggested to the patients before the medication:

1.Urine test for checking the levels of albumin and creatinine

2.Blood Test

3.Ultrasound Scan

4.CT scan

5.Kidney Biopsy

Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease

Persistent Kidney disorders have no such miraculous cure, although correct diagnosis and proper medication can ease the pain and relieve the symptoms to a certain degree.

1.Changes in Lifestyle- Lifestyles in modern times are major sources of inflicting pain, while poor and unhealthy lifestyles can contribute to premature damage to the kidney. The below amendments in daily lifestyle can bring visible improvements in health conditions.

1.Cessation of Smoking

2.Restricting salt intake

3.Doing exercises regularly

4.Losing weight if the patient is obese

5.Consuming a healthy and balanced diet

6.Cessation of alcohol intake

7.Maintaining the daily amount of fluid intake


Chronic disorders have no such medicines, although medicines can have a sway over the health complications, stemming from CKD. Patients having high blood pressure are usually prescribed medicines having angiotensin-converting enzymes (ACE).

Before resorting to ACE inhibitors, consultation with medical practitioners is vital as it includes some side effects like dizziness, headaches and tiredness. Having Type 2 Diabetes aggravates the condition of the Kidney and owing to that medicines belonging to the group Metformin are generally suggested to regulate insulin secretion.

2.Chronic Kidney Disease Prevention Measures- Our experts believe in the popular phrase, “Prevention is better than Cure”  and it is the panacea of all evils. Like treatment procedures, there are no such proven measures to defy from getting exposed to pertinent kidney damage. However, Nephrologists keep suggesting the following steps to adhere to for having healthy kidneys:

3.Health Dietary Habits- Cooking food items with a mix of spices instead of increasing the sodium content can aid in relieving Kidney issues. Our Nephrologists also suggest serving foods without gravy or added fats as excess fat content weighs heavy on the Kidneys, compelling them to filter wastes above the normal level.

4.Having Adequate Sleep- Whether you are having Kidney issues, it is essential for you to cover 7 to 8 hours in complete repose through sound sleep. If you are an insomniac, contact your doctor to take the necessary steps for improving your sleeping habits.

5.Aiming to maintain a healthy weight- Obese and overweight individuals are likely to be susceptible to Kidney failures or discomforts. If one is suffering from overweight or obesity, planning a pragmatic weight-loss plan can enable you to tailor your calorie intake.


Though all attempts are made to provide correct information on the subject, inadvertent & typographical errors arising out of manual intervention cannot be ruled out. It is requested to bring any such discrepancies to the notice of the blogger for correction.