A Patient’s guide to Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery – A new era of Treatment in Gastroenterology

Surgical Gastroenterology is a sub-speciality dealing with the management of diseases related to the human gastrointestinal tract involving the organs namely oesophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, gall bladder and biliary tract, small and large intestine, rectum and anus.

Gastrointestinal surgery includes a variety of surgical techniques to diagnose and treat GI disorders.

Surgery can be done on both the upper and lower GI tracts, depending on the problem or disease.

Some disorders that GI surgery treats include:

• Esophageal disorders
• Gallbladder Diseases
• Appendicitis
• Inflammatory bowel disease
• GI bleeding
• Hepato – Pancreato – Biliary disorders
• Liver disorders
• Colorectal cancer& other Gastrointestinal Cancer
• Rectal prolapse
• Diverticulitis disease
• Gastric benign or non – cancerous tumours
• Anal Cancer
• Bariatric or Weigh loss surgery

What is Laparoscopic GI Surgery?

In laparoscopic or minimally invasive GI surgery the surgeon makes a few small cuts and uses a camera to look into the GI tract. The surgeon inserts the camera in one cut and surgical instruments in other cuts. These smaller cuts usually heal faster than the large cut of open surgery.

Advantages of Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery:

Minimally invasive (laparoscopic)gastrointestinal (GI) or abdominal surgery shows some significant advantages over open GI surgery. Such as:

• Reduced surgical trauma
• Minimal surgical scaring
• Less blood loss
• Less postoperative pain
• Reduced post – surgical hernia rate
• Better pulmonary function
• Faster recovery rate & shorter hospital stay

Upper GI Tract

Laparoscopic upper GI surgery has been performed to treat benign (non – cancerous tumour),esophageal disorders like gastroesophageal reflux, achalasia or hiatal and paraesophageal herniasas well as any bariatric procedures (weight reducing surgery). Laparoscopic surgical approach is considered as the gold standard for treatment of these diseases.

HepatoPancreatoBiliary System

Laparoscopic Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic surgery consists of surgical procedures to treat cancer and other disorders that affect the liver, bile ducts, gallbladder and pancreas. These types of surgeries are considered as one of the most challenging and complicated procedures which require skilled expertise.


Lower GI Tract

Lower Gastrointestinal surgery includes colorectal surgery as well as surgery of the small intestine.Laparoscopic colorectal surgery has been widely accepted in the surgical community for its great effectiveness in removing cancer. This surgery is done for complete removal of Colon Cancer along with prolapse & diverticulitis. Today the laparoscopic technique is preferred worldwide in colorectal resections for most indications.

At NeotiaGetwel Healthcare Centre , Siliguri we have an advanced Laparoscopic Minimal Access, GI & Bariatric Surgery Department backed by skilled & experienced GI surgeons performing high end surgeries. Book your Appointment here .