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F.A.Q. of the week

 

CHILDHOOD ASTHMA-ASK OUR EXPERTS

 

In recognition of world Asthma Day on 6th May 2014, Dr.PrinceParakh, Child specialist at NeotiaGetwel Healthcare Centre answers some of the frequently asked questions about Child Asthma.

 

Q1: What is Asthma? Is it common in children?

 

Ans: Asthma is a condition characterized by bronchial hyper responsiveness and reversible airflow obstruction.It is reversible obstructive airway disease. It is a very common problem in children .The prevalence varies from 2 to 20 % in different parts of India.

 

Q2: What are the common symptoms of childhood asthma?

 

Ans: Recurrent respiratory symptoms like cough, shortness of breath, wheezing (noisy breathing), and chest tightness. These symptoms respond very well to bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory therapy.

 

Q3: What are the risk factors for the development of asthma in child?

 

Ans:Atopy in the child or the parents constitutes the most important risk factor. Various genes have been linked to development of asthma and also to its severity. Lack of breast feeding, exposure to dust, mites, other allergens, change in weather, emotional stress, and respiratory infections may trigger asthma.

 

Q4: What are the commonly used drugs?

 

Ans: Long and short acting bronchodilators, inhaled steroids, Montelukast occasionally,theophylline these are used depending on the severity.

 

Some important facts about treatment

 

Asthma is the most common chronic disorder in children. The best treatment on long term basis is inhaled steroids. When you take inhalation therapy, the steroid medicine goes directly through the lungs and has minimum side effects. Whensteroids are taken in tablet or syrup formulation the dose is much higher and most of it is absorbed in the rest of the body, not just lungs. Usage of oral steroids tablets regularly can have serious side effects such as weight gain, diabetes, cataracts, gastritis, and osteoporosis. The steroid in your inhaler contains corticosteroids and is safeand dose is very low. Thus inhalation therapy for asthma using MDI, Spacer and mask is a safe and effective way of treatment for asthma in children.

 

Answered By :
Dr.PrinceParakh,MD (Pediatrics),FISPN
Neonatal, Child & Adolescent Health Specialist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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